Mesothelioma is a rare disease. People call this cancer is “the silent killer” Even if the patient exposures to asbestos during a long time, they also cannot find any symptoms of this disease. When a mesothelioma diagnosis is made, many years may have passed. So, all of us may have a mutual question: what causes mesothelioma cancer? The answer is asbestos.
Firstly, what is asbestos?
Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral, originally admired for its unique insulating and fire retardant capabilities. But asbestos is also a carcinogen. Asbestos exposure is the only proven cause of mesothelioma. Asbestos is the double silicon of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg), containing SiO2 in nature. Asbestos consists of two groups: (a) Serpentine: Chrysotile is a twisted form of asbestos and is the only asbestos fiber that is commercially available on the market today. b) Amphibole groups include Actinolite, Amosite, Crocidolite, Tremolite, Anthophyllite. The amphibole group is a straight, needle-like structure, commonly known as colored asbestos, which has been banned in many countries around the world and has not been circulated 20 years ago. There are so many products that use asbestos: construction industry, insulation, insulation, sound insulation, brake pads, shipbuilding … Asbestos is also used in defense technology, astronautics …
Secondly, how asbestos causes mesothelioma? In the most common case, asbestos fibers are inhaled and eventually become embedded in the mucous membranes of the lungs, abdomen or heart causing harmful inflammation that eventually leads to the formation of tumors. Asbestos can also travel through the lymph nodes to other parts of the body, such as the pericardium around the heart. According to the researchers, asbestos can cause direct and indirect DNA damage. The process of creating asbestos-induced mesothelioma can take a long time. In most cases, it takes 10 to 50 years to develop mesothelioma after the patient exposures to asbestos. However, in rare cases, time is short, and even mesothelioma cases have been reported in children and teenagers.
Finally, what are factors that increase the risk of mesothelioma from asbestos exposure?
Factors include working at an asbestos factory; working in high-risk occupations, such as the construction or industry, living in a residential area near asbestos mine, disturbing of asbestos products in the process of renovating home without safety measures. For this reason, the patient and their family can get mesothelioma.
Asbestos is the answer to this question: what causes mesothelioma cancer. In fact, so many people have to exposure to asbestos every day. That is a really bad situation!